Browse Source

Initial commit

Yvan Sraka 2 years ago
No known key found for this signature in database GPG Key ID: 60E5D1A0EF691DE6
42 changed files with 1770 additions and 0 deletions
  1. +9
  2. +24
  3. +3
  4. +11
  5. +6
  6. +1
  7. +21
  8. +674
  9. +66
  10. +8
  11. +6
  12. +15
  13. +399
  14. BIN
  15. BIN
  16. BIN
  17. BIN
  18. BIN
  19. BIN
  20. BIN
  21. BIN
  22. BIN
  23. BIN
  24. BIN
  25. BIN
  26. BIN
  27. BIN
  28. BIN
  29. BIN
  30. BIN
  31. BIN
  32. BIN
  33. BIN
  34. BIN
  35. BIN
  36. +3
  37. +37
  38. +29
  39. +174
  40. +182
  41. +5
  42. +97

+ 9
- 0
.editorconfig View File

@@ -0,0 +1,9 @@
root = true

indent_style = space
indent_size = 2
end_of_line = lf
charset = utf-8
trim_trailing_whitespace = true
insert_final_newline = true

+ 24
- 0
.gitignore View File

@@ -0,0 +1,24 @@
# Node rules:
## Grunt intermediate storage (

## Dependency directory
## Commenting this out is preferred by some people, see

# Book build output

# eBook build output

# Jekyll (GitHub Pages)


+ 3
- 0
.gitmodules View File

@@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
[submodule "_posts"]
path = _posts
url =

+ 11
- 0
.travis.yml View File

@@ -0,0 +1,11 @@
language: ruby

# Assume bundler is being used, therefore
# the `install` step will run `bundle install` by default.
script: ./script/cibuild

- NOKOGIRI_USE_SYSTEM_LIBRARIES=true # speeds up installation of html-proofer

sudo: false # route your build to the container-based infrastructure for a faster build

+ 6
- 0 View File

@@ -0,0 +1,6 @@
layout: default
permalink: /404.html

404 Not Found ...

+ 1
- 0
CNAME View File

@@ -0,0 +1 @@

+ 21
- 0
Gemfile View File

@@ -0,0 +1,21 @@
source ""

# Hello! This is where you manage which Jekyll version is used to run.
# When you want to use a different version, change it below, save the
# file and run `bundle install`. Run Jekyll with `bundle exec`, like so:
# bundle exec jekyll serve
# This will help ensure the proper Jekyll version is running.
# Happy Jekylling!
gem "jekyll"
gem "html-proofer"

# If you want to use GitHub Pages, remove the "gem "jekyll"" above and
# uncomment the line below. To upgrade, run `bundle update github-pages`.
# gem "github-pages", group: :jekyll_plugins

# Windows does not include zoneinfo files, so bundle the tzinfo-data gem
gem 'tzinfo-data', platforms: [:mingw, :mswin, :x64_mingw, :jruby]

+ 674
- 0

@@ -0,0 +1,674 @@
Version 3, 29 June 2007

Copyright (C) 2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc. <>
Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies
of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.


The GNU General Public License is a free, copyleft license for
software and other kinds of works.

The licenses for most software and other practical works are designed
to take away your freedom to share and change the works. By contrast,
the GNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to
share and change all versions of a program--to make sure it remains free
software for all its users. We, the Free Software Foundation, use the
GNU General Public License for most of our software; it applies also to
any other work released this way by its authors. You can apply it to
your programs, too.

When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not
price. Our General Public Licenses are designed to make sure that you
have the freedom to distribute copies of free software (and charge for
them if you wish), that you receive source code or can get it if you
want it, that you can change the software or use pieces of it in new
free programs, and that you know you can do these things.

To protect your rights, we need to prevent others from denying you
these rights or asking you to surrender the rights. Therefore, you have
certain responsibilities if you distribute copies of the software, or if
you modify it: responsibilities to respect the freedom of others.

For example, if you distribute copies of such a program, whether
gratis or for a fee, you must pass on to the recipients the same
freedoms that you received. You must make sure that they, too, receive
or can get the source code. And you must show them these terms so they
know their rights.

Developers that use the GNU GPL protect your rights with two steps:
(1) assert copyright on the software, and (2) offer you this License
giving you legal permission to copy, distribute and/or modify it.

For the developers' and authors' protection, the GPL clearly explains
that there is no warranty for this free software. For both users' and
authors' sake, the GPL requires that modified versions be marked as
changed, so that their problems will not be attributed erroneously to
authors of previous versions.

Some devices are designed to deny users access to install or run
modified versions of the software inside them, although the manufacturer
can do so. This is fundamentally incompatible with the aim of
protecting users' freedom to change the software. The systematic
pattern of such abuse occurs in the area of products for individuals to
use, which is precisely where it is most unacceptable. Therefore, we
have designed this version of the GPL to prohibit the practice for those
products. If such problems arise substantially in other domains, we
stand ready to extend this provision to those domains in future versions
of the GPL, as needed to protect the freedom of users.

Finally, every program is threatened constantly by software patents.
States should not allow patents to restrict development and use of
software on general-purpose computers, but in those that do, we wish to
avoid the special danger that patents applied to a free program could
make it effectively proprietary. To prevent this, the GPL assures that
patents cannot be used to render the program non-free.

The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and
modification follow.


0. Definitions.

"This License" refers to version 3 of the GNU General Public License.

"Copyright" also means copyright-like laws that apply to other kinds of
works, such as semiconductor masks.

"The Program" refers to any copyrightable work licensed under this
License. Each licensee is addressed as "you". "Licensees" and
"recipients" may be individuals or organizations.

To "modify" a work means to copy from or adapt all or part of the work
in a fashion requiring copyright permission, other than the making of an
exact copy. The resulting work is called a "modified version" of the
earlier work or a work "based on" the earlier work.

A "covered work" means either the unmodified Program or a work based
on the Program.

To "propagate" a work means to do anything with it that, without
permission, would make you directly or secondarily liable for
infringement under applicable copyright law, except executing it on a
computer or modifying a private copy. Propagation includes copying,
distribution (with or without modification), making available to the
public, and in some countries other activities as well.

To "convey" a work means any kind of propagation that enables other
parties to make or receive copies. Mere interaction with a user through
a computer network, with no transfer of a copy, is not conveying.

An interactive user interface displays "Appropriate Legal Notices"
to the extent that it includes a convenient and prominently visible
feature that (1) displays an appropriate copyright notice, and (2)
tells the user that there is no warranty for the work (except to the
extent that warranties are provided), that licensees may convey the
work under this License, and how to view a copy of this License. If
the interface presents a list of user commands or options, such as a
menu, a prominent item in the list meets this criterion.

1. Source Code.

The "source code" for a work means the preferred form of the work
for making modifications to it. "Object code" means any non-source
form of a work.

A "Standard Interface" means an interface that either is an official
standard defined by a recognized standards body, or, in the case of
interfaces specified for a particular programming language, one that
is widely used among developers working in that language.

The "System Libraries" of an executable work include anything, other
than the work as a whole, that (a) is included in the normal form of
packaging a Major Component, but which is not part of that Major
Component, and (b) serves only to enable use of the work with that
Major Component, or to implement a Standard Interface for which an
implementation is available to the public in source code form. A
"Major Component", in this context, means a major essential component
(kernel, window system, and so on) of the specific operating system
(if any) on which the executable work runs, or a compiler used to
produce the work, or an object code interpreter used to run it.

The "Corresponding Source" for a work in object code form means all
the source code needed to generate, install, and (for an executable
work) run the object code and to modify the work, including scripts to
control those activities. However, it does not include the work's
System Libraries, or general-purpose tools or generally available free
programs which are used unmodified in performing those activities but
which are not part of the work. For example, Corresponding Source
includes interface definition files associated with source files for
the work, and the source code for shared libraries and dynamically
linked subprograms that the work is specifically designed to require,
such as by intimate data communication or control flow between those
subprograms and other parts of the work.

The Corresponding Source need not include anything that users
can regenerate automatically from other parts of the Corresponding

The Corresponding Source for a work in source code form is that
same work.

2. Basic Permissions.

All rights granted under this License are granted for the term of
copyright on the Program, and are irrevocable provided the stated
conditions are met. This License explicitly affirms your unlimited
permission to run the unmodified Program. The output from running a
covered work is covered by this License only if the output, given its
content, constitutes a covered work. This License acknowledges your
rights of fair use or other equivalent, as provided by copyright law.

You may make, run and propagate covered works that you do not
convey, without conditions so long as your license otherwise remains
in force. You may convey covered works to others for the sole purpose
of having them make modifications exclusively for you, or provide you
with facilities for running those works, provided that you comply with
the terms of this License in conveying all material for which you do
not control copyright. Those thus making or running the covered works
for you must do so exclusively on your behalf, under your direction
and control, on terms that prohibit them from making any copies of
your copyrighted material outside their relationship with you.

Conveying under any other circumstances is permitted solely under
the conditions stated below. Sublicensing is not allowed; section 10
makes it unnecessary.

3. Protecting Users' Legal Rights From Anti-Circumvention Law.

No covered work shall be deemed part of an effective technological
measure under any applicable law fulfilling obligations under article
11 of the WIPO copyright treaty adopted on 20 December 1996, or
similar laws prohibiting or restricting circumvention of such

When you convey a covered work, you waive any legal power to forbid
circumvention of technological measures to the extent such circumvention
is effected by exercising rights under this License with respect to
the covered work, and you disclaim any intention to limit operation or
modification of the work as a means of enforcing, against the work's
users, your or third parties' legal rights to forbid circumvention of
technological measures.

4. Conveying Verbatim Copies.

You may convey verbatim copies of the Program's source code as you
receive it, in any medium, provided that you conspicuously and
appropriately publish on each copy an appropriate copyright notice;
keep intact all notices stating that this License and any
non-permissive terms added in accord with section 7 apply to the code;
keep intact all notices of the absence of any warranty; and give all
recipients a copy of this License along with the Program.

You may charge any price or no price for each copy that you convey,
and you may offer support or warranty protection for a fee.

5. Conveying Modified Source Versions.

You may convey a work based on the Program, or the modifications to
produce it from the Program, in the form of source code under the
terms of section 4, provided that you also meet all of these conditions:

a) The work must carry prominent notices stating that you modified
it, and giving a relevant date.

b) The work must carry prominent notices stating that it is
released under this License and any conditions added under section
7. This requirement modifies the requirement in section 4 to
"keep intact all notices".

c) You must license the entire work, as a whole, under this
License to anyone who comes into possession of a copy. This
License will therefore apply, along with any applicable section 7
additional terms, to the whole of the work, and all its parts,
regardless of how they are packaged. This License gives no
permission to license the work in any other way, but it does not
invalidate such permission if you have separately received it.

d) If the work has interactive user interfaces, each must display
Appropriate Legal Notices; however, if the Program has interactive
interfaces that do not display Appropriate Legal Notices, your
work need not make them do so.

A compilation of a covered work with other separate and independent
works, which are not by their nature extensions of the covered work,
and which are not combined with it such as to form a larger program,
in or on a volume of a storage or distribution medium, is called an
"aggregate" if the compilation and its resulting copyright are not
used to limit the access or legal rights of the compilation's users
beyond what the individual works permit. Inclusion of a covered work
in an aggregate does not cause this License to apply to the other
parts of the aggregate.

6. Conveying Non-Source Forms.

You may convey a covered work in object code form under the terms
of sections 4 and 5, provided that you also convey the
machine-readable Corresponding Source under the terms of this License,
in one of these ways:

a) Convey the object code in, or embodied in, a physical product
(including a physical distribution medium), accompanied by the
Corresponding Source fixed on a durable physical medium
customarily used for software interchange.

b) Convey the object code in, or embodied in, a physical product
(including a physical distribution medium), accompanied by a
written offer, valid for at least three years and valid for as
long as you offer spare parts or customer support for that product
model, to give anyone who possesses the object code either (1) a
copy of the Corresponding Source for all the software in the
product that is covered by this License, on a durable physical
medium customarily used for software interchange, for a price no
more than your reasonable cost of physically performing this
conveying of source, or (2) access to copy the
Corresponding Source from a network server at no charge.

c) Convey individual copies of the object code with a copy of the
written offer to provide the Corresponding Source. This
alternative is allowed only occasionally and noncommercially, and
only if you received the object code with such an offer, in accord
with subsection 6b.

d) Convey the object code by offering access from a designated
place (gratis or for a charge), and offer equivalent access to the
Corresponding Source in the same way through the same place at no
further charge. You need not require recipients to copy the
Corresponding Source along with the object code. If the place to
copy the object code is a network server, the Corresponding Source
may be on a different server (operated by you or a third party)
that supports equivalent copying facilities, provided you maintain
clear directions next to the object code saying where to find the
Corresponding Source. Regardless of what server hosts the
Corresponding Source, you remain obligated to ensure that it is
available for as long as needed to satisfy these requirements.

e) Convey the object code using peer-to-peer transmission, provided
you inform other peers where the object code and Corresponding
Source of the work are being offered to the general public at no
charge under subsection 6d.

A separable portion of the object code, whose source code is excluded
from the Corresponding Source as a System Library, need not be
included in conveying the object code work.

A "User Product" is either (1) a "consumer product", which means any
tangible personal property which is normally used for personal, family,
or household purposes, or (2) anything designed or sold for incorporation
into a dwelling. In determining whether a product is a consumer product,
doubtful cases shall be resolved in favor of coverage. For a particular
product received by a particular user, "normally used" refers to a
typical or common use of that class of product, regardless of the status
of the particular user or of the way in which the particular user
actually uses, or expects or is expected to use, the product. A product
is a consumer product regardless of whether the product has substantial
commercial, industrial or non-consumer uses, unless such uses represent
the only significant mode of use of the product.

"Installation Information" for a User Product means any methods,
procedures, authorization keys, or other information required to install
and execute modified versions of a covered work in that User Product from
a modified version of its Corresponding Source. The information must
suffice to ensure that the continued functioning of the modified object
code is in no case prevented or interfered with solely because
modification has been made.

If you convey an object code work under this section in, or with, or
specifically for use in, a User Product, and the conveying occurs as
part of a transaction in which the right of possession and use of the
User Product is transferred to the recipient in perpetuity or for a
fixed term (regardless of how the transaction is characterized), the
Corresponding Source conveyed under this section must be accompanied
by the Installation Information. But this requirement does not apply
if neither you nor any third party retains the ability to install
modified object code on the User Product (for example, the work has
been installed in ROM).

The requirement to provide Installation Information does not include a
requirement to continue to provide support service, warranty, or updates
for a work that has been modified or installed by the recipient, or for
the User Product in which it has been modified or installed. Access to a
network may be denied when the modification itself materially and
adversely affects the operation of the network or violates the rules and
protocols for communication across the network.

Corresponding Source conveyed, and Installation Information provided,
in accord with this section must be in a format that is publicly
documented (and with an implementation available to the public in
source code form), and must require no special password or key for
unpacking, reading or copying.

7. Additional Terms.

"Additional permissions" are terms that supplement the terms of this
License by making exceptions from one or more of its conditions.
Additional permissions that are applicable to the entire Program shall
be treated as though they were included in this License, to the extent
that they are valid under applicable law. If additional permissions
apply only to part of the Program, that part may be used separately
under those permissions, but the entire Program remains governed by
this License without regard to the additional permissions.

When you convey a copy of a covered work, you may at your option
remove any additional permissions from that copy, or from any part of
it. (Additional permissions may be written to require their own
removal in certain cases when you modify the work.) You may place
additional permissions on material, added by you to a covered work,
for which you have or can give appropriate copyright permission.

Notwithstanding any other provision of this License, for material you
add to a covered work, you may (if authorized by the copyright holders of
that material) supplement the terms of this License with terms:

a) Disclaiming warranty or limiting liability differently from the
terms of sections 15 and 16 of this License; or

b) Requiring preservation of specified reasonable legal notices or
author attributions in that material or in the Appropriate Legal
Notices displayed by works containing it; or

c) Prohibiting misrepresentation of the origin of that material, or
requiring that modified versions of such material be marked in
reasonable ways as different from the original version; or

d) Limiting the use for publicity purposes of names of licensors or
authors of the material; or

e) Declining to grant rights under trademark law for use of some
trade names, trademarks, or service marks; or

f) Requiring indemnification of licensors and authors of that
material by anyone who conveys the material (or modified versions of
it) with contractual assumptions of liability to the recipient, for
any liability that these contractual assumptions directly impose on
those licensors and authors.

All other non-permissive additional terms are considered "further
restrictions" within the meaning of section 10. If the Program as you
received it, or any part of it, contains a notice stating that it is
governed by this License along with a term that is a further
restriction, you may remove that term. If a license document contains
a further restriction but permits relicensing or conveying under this
License, you may add to a covered work material governed by the terms
of that license document, provided that the further restriction does
not survive such relicensing or conveying.

If you add terms to a covered work in accord with this section, you
must place, in the relevant source files, a statement of the
additional terms that apply to those files, or a notice indicating
where to find the applicable terms.

Additional terms, permissive or non-permissive, may be stated in the
form of a separately written license, or stated as exceptions;
the above requirements apply either way.

8. Termination.

You may not propagate or modify a covered work except as expressly
provided under this License. Any attempt otherwise to propagate or
modify it is void, and will automatically terminate your rights under
this License (including any patent licenses granted under the third
paragraph of section 11).

However, if you cease all violation of this License, then your
license from a particular copyright holder is reinstated (a)
provisionally, unless and until the copyright holder explicitly and
finally terminates your license, and (b) permanently, if the copyright
holder fails to notify you of the violation by some reasonable means
prior to 60 days after the cessation.

Moreover, your license from a particular copyright holder is
reinstated permanently if the copyright holder notifies you of the
violation by some reasonable means, this is the first time you have
received notice of violation of this License (for any work) from that
copyright holder, and you cure the violation prior to 30 days after
your receipt of the notice.

Termination of your rights under this section does not terminate the
licenses of parties who have received copies or rights from you under
this License. If your rights have been terminated and not permanently
reinstated, you do not qualify to receive new licenses for the same
material under section 10.

9. Acceptance Not Required for Having Copies.

You are not required to accept this License in order to receive or
run a copy of the Program. Ancillary propagation of a covered work
occurring solely as a consequence of using peer-to-peer transmission
to receive a copy likewise does not require acceptance. However,
nothing other than this License grants you permission to propagate or
modify any covered work. These actions infringe copyright if you do
not accept this License. Therefore, by modifying or propagating a
covered work, you indicate your acceptance of this License to do so.

10. Automatic Licensing of Downstream Recipients.

Each time you convey a covered work, the recipient automatically
receives a license from the original licensors, to run, modify and
propagate that work, subject to this License. You are not responsible
for enforcing compliance by third parties with this License.

An "entity transaction" is a transaction transferring control of an
organization, or substantially all assets of one, or subdividing an
organization, or merging organizations. If propagation of a covered
work results from an entity transaction, each party to that
transaction who receives a copy of the work also receives whatever
licenses to the work the party's predecessor in interest had or could
give under the previous paragraph, plus a right to possession of the
Corresponding Source of the work from the predecessor in interest, if
the predecessor has it or can get it with reasonable efforts.

You may not impose any further restrictions on the exercise of the
rights granted or affirmed under this License. For example, you may
not impose a license fee, royalty, or other charge for exercise of
rights granted under this License, and you may not initiate litigation
(including a cross-claim or counterclaim in a lawsuit) alleging that
any patent claim is infringed by making, using, selling, offering for
sale, or importing the Program or any portion of it.

11. Patents.

A "contributor" is a copyright holder who authorizes use under this
License of the Program or a work on which the Program is based. The
work thus licensed is called the contributor's "contributor version".

A contributor's "essential patent claims" are all patent claims
owned or controlled by the contributor, whether already acquired or
hereafter acquired, that would be infringed by some manner, permitted
by this License, of making, using, or selling its contributor version,
but do not include claims that would be infringed only as a
consequence of further modification of the contributor version. For
purposes of this definition, "control" includes the right to grant
patent sublicenses in a manner consistent with the requirements of
this License.

Each contributor grants you a non-exclusive, worldwide, royalty-free
patent license under the contributor's essential patent claims, to
make, use, sell, offer for sale, import and otherwise run, modify and
propagate the contents of its contributor version.

In the following three paragraphs, a "patent license" is any express
agreement or commitment, however denominated, not to enforce a patent
(such as an express permission to practice a patent or covenant not to
sue for patent infringement). To "grant" such a patent license to a
party means to make such an agreement or commitment not to enforce a
patent against the party.

If you convey a covered work, knowingly relying on a patent license,
and the Corresponding Source of the work is not available for anyone
to copy, free of charge and under the terms of this License, through a
publicly available network server or other readily accessible means,
then you must either (1) cause the Corresponding Source to be so
available, or (2) arrange to deprive yourself of the benefit of the
patent license for this particular work, or (3) arrange, in a manner
consistent with the requirements of this License, to extend the patent
license to downstream recipients. "Knowingly relying" means you have
actual knowledge that, but for the patent license, your conveying the
covered work in a country, or your recipient's use of the covered work
in a country, would infringe one or more identifiable patents in that
country that you have reason to believe are valid.

If, pursuant to or in connection with a single transaction or
arrangement, you convey, or propagate by procuring conveyance of, a
covered work, and grant a patent license to some of the parties
receiving the covered work authorizing them to use, propagate, modify
or convey a specific copy of the covered work, then the patent license
you grant is automatically extended to all recipients of the covered
work and works based on it.

A patent license is "discriminatory" if it does not include within
the scope of its coverage, prohibits the exercise of, or is
conditioned on the non-exercise of one or more of the rights that are
specifically granted under this License. You may not convey a covered
work if you are a party to an arrangement with a third party that is
in the business of distributing software, under which you make payment
to the third party based on the extent of your activity of conveying
the work, and under which the third party grants, to any of the
parties who would receive the covered work from you, a discriminatory
patent license (a) in connection with copies of the covered work
conveyed by you (or copies made from those copies), or (b) primarily
for and in connection with specific products or compilations that
contain the covered work, unless you entered into that arrangement,
or that patent license was granted, prior to 28 March 2007.

Nothing in this License shall be construed as excluding or limiting
any implied license or other defenses to infringement that may
otherwise be available to you under applicable patent law.

12. No Surrender of Others' Freedom.

If conditions are imposed on you (whether by court order, agreement or
otherwise) that contradict the conditions of this License, they do not
excuse you from the conditions of this License. If you cannot convey a
covered work so as to satisfy simultaneously your obligations under this
License and any other pertinent obligations, then as a consequence you may
not convey it at all. For example, if you agree to terms that obligate you
to collect a royalty for further conveying from those to whom you convey
the Program, the only way you could satisfy both those terms and this
License would be to refrain entirely from conveying the Program.

13. Use with the GNU Affero General Public License.

Notwithstanding any other provision of this License, you have
permission to link or combine any covered work with a work licensed
under version 3 of the GNU Affero General Public License into a single
combined work, and to convey the resulting work. The terms of this
License will continue to apply to the part which is the covered work,
but the special requirements of the GNU Affero General Public License,
section 13, concerning interaction through a network will apply to the
combination as such.

14. Revised Versions of this License.

The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new versions of
the GNU General Public License from time to time. Such new versions will
be similar in spirit to the present version, but may differ in detail to
address new problems or concerns.

Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the
Program specifies that a certain numbered version of the GNU General
Public License "or any later version" applies to it, you have the
option of following the terms and conditions either of that numbered
version or of any later version published by the Free Software
Foundation. If the Program does not specify a version number of the
GNU General Public License, you may choose any version ever published
by the Free Software Foundation.

If the Program specifies that a proxy can decide which future
versions of the GNU General Public License can be used, that proxy's
public statement of acceptance of a version permanently authorizes you
to choose that version for the Program.

Later license versions may give you additional or different
permissions. However, no additional obligations are imposed on any
author or copyright holder as a result of your choosing to follow a
later version.

15. Disclaimer of Warranty.


16. Limitation of Liability.


17. Interpretation of Sections 15 and 16.

If the disclaimer of warranty and limitation of liability provided
above cannot be given local legal effect according to their terms,
reviewing courts shall apply local law that most closely approximates
an absolute waiver of all civil liability in connection with the
Program, unless a warranty or assumption of liability accompanies a
copy of the Program in return for a fee.


How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs

If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest
possible use to the public, the best way to achieve this is to make it
free software which everyone can redistribute and change under these terms.

To do so, attach the following notices to the program. It is safest
to attach them to the start of each source file to most effectively
state the exclusion of warranty; and each file should have at least
the "copyright" line and a pointer to where the full notice is found.

{one line to give the program's name and a brief idea of what it does.}
Copyright (C) {year} {name of author}

This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program. If not, see <>.

Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail.

If the program does terminal interaction, make it output a short
notice like this when it starts in an interactive mode:

{project} Copyright (C) {year} {fullname}
This program comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type `show w'.
This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it
under certain conditions; type `show c' for details.

The hypothetical commands `show w' and `show c' should show the appropriate
parts of the General Public License. Of course, your program's commands
might be different; for a GUI interface, you would use an "about box".

You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or school,
if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the program, if necessary.
For more information on this, and how to apply and follow the GNU GPL, see

The GNU General Public License does not permit incorporating your program
into proprietary programs. If your program is a subroutine library, you
may consider it more useful to permit linking proprietary applications with
the library. If this is what you want to do, use the GNU Lesser General
Public License instead of this License. But first, please read

+ 66
- 0 View File

@@ -0,0 +1,66 @@
layout: default
permalink: /manifeste


## Objectifs

L’organisation a, dans l’[Intérêt Général](, pour ambition :

* De promouvoir les créations libres de droits \(principalement sous licence [GPL](\) ;

* De créer un cadre propice au partage de savoirs \(notamment par l'animation d'une communauté et le développement de techniques d’[Éducation Populaire](\).

## Actions

* Mise en place du programme de mentorat _"First [PR]("_ : accompagnant des développeur.e.s débutant.e.s dans la résolution d'une _"Beginner [Issue]("_.

* Organisation hebdomadairement d'événements permettant aux membres de présenter leurs travaux et d'échanger autours de leurs pratiques.

## Rôles

* Étudiant.e : membre de l'association, abonné.e à la _Mailing-List_, ses engagements réciproques avec son mentor.e en tant que contributeur.rice font l'objet d'un contrat moral.

* Mentor.e : mainteneur.euse de logiciel [_Open Source_]( ou de toute œuvre libre de droits dont la réalisation se veut participative \(ce rôle peut tout à fait qualifier un partenaire de l’organisation\).

* Permanent.e : dédie un temps de travail hebdomadaires à la structure, partagé à part égale entre :

* une activité de recherche consacrée au développement de créations expérimentales ;
* une activité d’enseignement, pouvant prendre des formes variées, comme l’animation d’évènements techniques _\([MeetUp](\)_.

newtype désigne l’ensemble des permanent.e.s, lesquelles s’engagent à se partager équitablement les activités de gestion nécessaires à la vie de l'association.

Ces rôles sont cumulables, par exemple : un.e permanent.e joue le rôle de mentor.e sur ses expérimentations, ce qui n’exclut qu'il-elle soit étudiant.e au travers d’autres créations.

## Statuts

Cette association loi 1901, doit avoir la capacité d'évoluer en SCIC \([Société coopérative d’intérêt collectif](\).

Doivent apparaitre dans les statuts :

* la contrainte de non-lucrativité de l’association ;

* les durées minimum et maximum de travail hebdomadaire des permanents ainsi que leur taux de rémunération horaire unique ;

* le nombre maximum de membres et/ou permanents pouvant être accueillis par la structure.

## Essaimage

L’organisation doit conserver une échelle humaine pour rester ancrée dans la réalité d’une localité territoriale.

Mettre l'accent sur une bonne documentation et la transparence totale de l’ensemble des démarches de création et de gestion de l’association permettront de répliquer celle-ci avec aisance.

Chaque structure est parfaitement indépendante et possède une gouvernance propre.

## Pluridisciplinarité

newtype doit s'engager à veiller de façon bienveillante à la pluridisciplinarité de ces membres, des expérimentations menées par ses permanent.e.s et de ses activités éducatives.

_Un exemple de développement qui satisferait la contrainte précédente serait l'appel à projet [ARTE - ONF - 60 secondes mobiles et interactives](

+ 8
- 0 View File

@@ -0,0 +1,8 @@
# Summary

* [Manifeste](
* [Liste thématique de formations](
* [Statuts](
* [Bulletin d'adhésion](documents/
* [Modèle d'assemblée générale](documents/
* [Mandat](documents/

+ 6
- 0
_config.yml View File

@@ -0,0 +1,6 @@
markdown: kramdown
highlighter: rouge
- Gemfile
- Gemfile.lock
exclude: [vendor]

+ 15
- 0
_layouts/default.html View File

@@ -0,0 +1,15 @@
<!DOCTYPE html>
<meta charset="utf-8" />
<meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" media="screen" href="/assets/css/main.css" />
<body class="hack">
<div class="main container">
{{ content }}

+ 399
- 0
assets/css/main.css View File

@@ -0,0 +1,399 @@
@font-face {
font-family: "Fira Code";
src: url("/assets/fonts/FiraCode/eot/FiraCode-Light.eot");
src: url("/assets/fonts/FiraCode/eot/FiraCode-Light.eot") format("embedded-opentype"),
url("/assets/fonts/FiraCode/woff2/FiraCode-Light.woff2") format("woff2"),
url("/assets/fonts/FiraCode/woff/FiraCode-Light.woff") format("woff"),
url("/assets/fonts/FiraCode/ttf/FiraCode-Light.ttf") format("truetype");
font-weight: 300;
font-style: normal;

@font-face {
font-family: "Fira Code";
src: url("/assets/fonts/FiraCode/eot/FiraCode-Regular.eot");
src: url("/assets/fonts/FiraCode/eot/FiraCode-Regular.eot")
url("/assets/fonts/FiraCode/woff2/FiraCode-Regular.woff2") format("woff2"),
url("/assets/fonts/FiraCode/woff/FiraCode-Regular.woff") format("woff"),
url("/assets/fonts/FiraCode/ttf/FiraCode-Regular.ttf") format("truetype");
font-weight: 400;
font-style: normal;

@font-face {
font-family: "Fira Code";
src: url("/assets/fonts/FiraCode/eot/FiraCode-Medium.eot");
src: url("/assets/fonts/FiraCode/eot/FiraCode-Medium.eot")
url("/assets/fonts/FiraCode/woff2/FiraCode-Medium.woff2") format("woff2"),
url("/assets/fonts/FiraCode/woff/FiraCode-Medium.woff") format("woff"),
url("/assets/fonts/FiraCode/ttf/FiraCode-Medium.ttf") format("truetype");
font-weight: 500;
font-style: normal;

@font-face {
font-family: "Fira Code";
src: url("/assets/fonts/FiraCode/eot/FiraCode-Bold.eot");
src: url("/assets/fonts/FiraCode/eot/FiraCode-Bold.eot") format("embedded-opentype"),
url("/assets/fonts/FiraCode/woff2/FiraCode-Bold.woff2") format("woff2"),
url("/assets/fonts/FiraCode/woff/FiraCode-Bold.woff") format("woff"),
url("/assets/fonts/FiraCode/ttf/FiraCode-Bold.ttf") format("truetype");
font-weight: 700;
font-style: normal;

@media (max-width: 455.98px) {
html {
font-size: 11px;

@media (min-width: 456px) and (max-width: 575.98px) {
html {
font-size: 12px;

@media (min-width: 576px) and (max-width: 767.98px) {
html {
font-size: 14px;

@media (min-width: 768px) and (max-width: 991.98px) {
html {
font-size: 16px;

@media (min-width: 992px) and (max-width: 1199.98px) {
html {
font-size: 18px;

@media (min-width: 1200px) {
html {
font-size: 20px;

body {
font-size: 1rem;
line-height: 1.5rem;
margin: 0;
font-family: "Fira Code", "Roboto Mono", "Menlo", "Monaco", "Lucida Console", "Liberation Mono", "DejaVu Sans Mono", "Bitstream Vera Sans Mono", "Courier New", monospace, serif;
font-feature-settings: "calt" 1;
/* Enable ligatures for IE 10+, Edge */
text-rendering: optimizeLegibility;
/* Force ligatures for Webkit, Blink, Gecko */
min-width: 300px;

a {
word-break: break-all;

h6 {
line-height: 1.3em;
font-weight: 500;

fieldset {
border: none;
padding: 0;
margin: 0;

pre {
padding: 2rem;
margin: 1.75rem 0;
background-color: black;
border: 1px solid #ccc;
overflow: auto;

pre code {
font-weight: 100;
text-shadow: none;
margin: 1.75rem 0;

p {
color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.8);

strong {
color: black;

a {
cursor: pointer;
color: blue;
text-decoration: none;

a:visited {
color: purple;

a:hover {
background-color: blue;
color: white;

a:hover:visited {
background-color: purple;

.hack blockquote,
.hack code,
.hack em,
.hack h1,
.hack h2,
.hack h3,
.hack h4,
.hack h5,
.hack h6,
.hack strong {
font-style: normal;
font-family: "Fira Code", monospace;

.hack blockquote,
.hack code,
.hack em,
.hack strong {
line-height: 20px;

.hack blockquote,
.hack code,
.hack footer,
.hack h1,
.hack h2,
.hack h3,
.hack h4,
.hack h5,
.hack h6,
.hack header,
.hack li,
.hack ol,
.hack p,
.hack section,
.hack ul {
float: none;
margin: 0;
padding: 0;

.hack blockquote,
.hack h1,
.hack ol,
.hack p,
.hack ul {
margin-top: 20px;
margin-bottom: 20px;

.hack h1,
.hack h2,
.hack h3,
.hack h4,
.hack h5,
.hack h6 {
position: relative;
margin-bottom: 1.75rem;

.hack li {
position: relative;
display: block;
padding-left: 20px;

.hack li:after {
position: absolute;
top: 0;
left: 0;

.hack ul > li:after {
content: "-";

.hack ol {
counter-reset: a;

.hack ol > li:after {
content: counter(a) ".";
counter-increment: a;

.hack ol li:nth-child(n + 10):after {
left: -7px;

.hack em {
font-style: italic;

.hack pre code:after,
.hack pre code:before {
content: "";

.hack code {
font-weight: 700;

.hack code:after,
.hack code:before {
content: "`";
display: inline;

@-moz-document url-prefix() {
.hack h1 {
display: block;

.hack-ones ol > li:after {
content: "1.";

p {
margin: 0 0 1.75rem;

.container {
max-width: 70rem;

.container-fluid {
margin: 0 auto;
padding: 0 1rem;

.inner {
padding: 1rem;

.inner2x {
padding: 2rem;

.pull-left {
float: left;

.pull-right {
float: right;

.hack h1 {
font-size: 3rem;

.hack h2 {
font-size: 2rem;
padding: 32px 0 0;

.hack h3 {
font-size: 1.5rem;

.hack {
background: white;
margin: 12px;

b {
font-weight: bold;

u {
text-decoration: underline;

#S, #C, #O, #P, #_ {
background: black;
text-decoration: underline;

#S:hover, #C:hover, #O:hover, #P:hover, #_:hover {
color: white;

#S {
color: hsl(0, 80%, 60%);

#S:hover {
background: hsl(0, 80%, 60%);

#C {
color: hsl(60, 80%, 60%);

#C:hover {
background: hsl(60, 80%, 60%);

#O {
color: hsl(120, 80%, 60%);

#O:hover {
background: hsl(120, 80%, 60%);

#P {
color: hsl(180, 80%, 60%);

#P:hover {
background: hsl(180, 80%, 60%);

#_ {
color: hsl(240, 80%, 60%)

#_:hover {
background: hsl(240, 80%, 60%)

#S u, #C u, #O u, #P u, #_ u {
color: white;
text-decoration: none;

#S u:hover, #C u:hover, #O u:hover, #P u:hover, #_ u:hover {
color: black;

hr {
border: 2px solid black;

assets/fonts/FiraCode/eot/FiraCode-Bold.eot View File

assets/fonts/FiraCode/eot/FiraCode-Light.eot View File

assets/fonts/FiraCode/eot/FiraCode-Medium.eot View File

assets/fonts/FiraCode/eot/FiraCode-Regular.eot View File

assets/fonts/FiraCode/otf/FiraCode-Bold.otf View File

assets/fonts/FiraCode/otf/FiraCode-Light.otf View File

assets/fonts/FiraCode/otf/FiraCode-Medium.otf View File

assets/fonts/FiraCode/otf/FiraCode-Regular.otf View File

assets/fonts/FiraCode/otf/FiraCode-Retina.otf View File

assets/fonts/FiraCode/ttf/FiraCode-Bold.ttf View File

assets/fonts/FiraCode/ttf/FiraCode-Light.ttf View File

assets/fonts/FiraCode/ttf/FiraCode-Medium.ttf View File

assets/fonts/FiraCode/ttf/FiraCode-Regular.ttf View File

assets/fonts/FiraCode/ttf/FiraCode-Retina.ttf View File

assets/fonts/FiraCode/woff/FiraCode-Bold.woff View File

assets/fonts/FiraCode/woff/FiraCode-Light.woff View File

assets/fonts/FiraCode/woff/FiraCode-Medium.woff View File

assets/fonts/FiraCode/woff/FiraCode-Regular.woff View File

assets/fonts/FiraCode/woff2/FiraCode-Bold.woff2 View File

assets/fonts/FiraCode/woff2/FiraCode-Light.woff2 View File

assets/fonts/FiraCode/woff2/FiraCode-Medium.woff2 View File

assets/fonts/FiraCode/woff2/FiraCode-Regular.woff2 View File

+ 3
- 0
book.json View File

@@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
"plugins": [ "theme-faq" ]

+ 37
- 0
documents/ View File

@@ -0,0 +1,37 @@
# Bulletin d’adhesion à l’association

## Exemplaire association

Nom : ..........

Prénom : ..........

Adresse : ..........

Cotisation : Pour l’année 2017, elle s’élève à ***1 Euros***.

Le ..........

En cas d’absence de réponse du bureau dans les 8 jours. Le présent inscrit deviendra membre de plein droit. dans cette attente ce dernier bénéficiera de tous les droits accordés aux membres de l’association à l’exception de celui de voter au sein des assemblées générales.

Fait le .......... à ..........



## Exemplaire adhérent

Le signataire ci-nommé adhérent, reconnait l’exactitude des informations inscrites par lui sur le présent bulletin. Ainsi qu’avoir été informé

Pour plus d’information, contactez un membre de l’association à l’adresse suivante ****

Nom : ..........

Prénom : ..........

Date : ..........


+ 29
- 0
documents/ View File

@@ -0,0 +1,29 @@
# Mandat

_\(nom de celui qui confie la délégation\)_ membre de l’association "Le Laboratoire Ouvert", crée sous le numéro W931014378,
donne mandat aux personnes et aux conditions si après décrites.

_\(nom de la personne concernée\)_, _\(statut dans l’association, ex : président, trésorier…\),_ déclare déléguer _\(Pouvoir délégué\)_ à _\(nom de la personne qui reçoit la délégation\)_ pour la mission ci-dessous énoncées.

_\(nom de la personne qui reçoit la délégation\)_ a pour mission :

* _\(description exhaustive des tâches que devra accomplir celui qui
reçoit la délégation\) ;_

* ..........

* ..........

Le présent Mandat est régit par les articles 1984 et suivant du Code civil relatif au mandat, sous réserve des dispositions spéciales.

Ci-joint, la signature de _\(nom de la personne qui reçoit la délégation\)_ - le mandaté - , _\(nom de la personne qui confie la délégation\) \(poste au sein de l’association\)_ de l’association, ainsi que la copie de la réunion du bureau autorisant l’ouverture.


_\(nom de celui qui confie la délégation\)_ _\(nom de celui qui confie la délégation\)_

_\(adresse de celui qui confie la délégation\)_ _\(adresse de celui qui confie la délégation\)_

\(_signature\)_ _\(signature\)_


+ 174
- 0
documents/ View File

@@ -0,0 +1,174 @@
# Assemblée générale de l’association

**En date du** _\(date de la réunion\)_ **à** \(_lieu de la réuion\)_

Sont présents:

* \(_lister les personnes présentes lors de la réunion\)_

* _.........._

* _.........._

* _.........._

* _.........._

_**Préalablement à la réunion de la présente assemblée générale**_

L’assemblée générale se tient après convocation du Président
conformément à l’article 12 des statuts.

Les membres de l’association se sont vu notififiés la convocation à
l’assemblée générale par le secrétaire.

Il a été rappelé aux membres de l’association qu’ils avaient la
possibilité de se faire représenter par un tiers, sous réserve de
présenter la mandat au Secrétaire avant la fin de l’assemblée générale.

_\(nom et prénom de la personne\)_ _\(la personne doit être
le Président, à défaut un membre du bureau\)_ a été désigné Président de

Le Secrétaire déclare prendre note des propos qui seront tenus lors de
la présente assemblée générale.

Il est procédé à l’appel des membres, sont ainsi présents:

* _\(nom, prénom, poste dans l’association des personnes présentes\)_

* _.........._

* _.........._

* _.........._

* _.........._

Le Président invite les membres représentés et leurs représentants à se
manifester. Il valide les mandats, sont ainsi représentés:

* _\(membres représentés accompagné du membre qui le représente\)_

* _.........._

* _.........._

* _.........._

* _.........._

Après ces formalités, le président de séance déclare la réunion de
l’assemblée générale ouverte.

_**La réunion**_

Le Président de l’association donne à l’assemblée générale l’état de la
situation morale et patrimoniale de l’association. Il répond aux
question qui lui sont posés sur ce point par les membres.

Le Président de séance lit l’ordre du jour ainsi libellé:

* Approuver les comptes de la période écoulée;

* Donner quitus au bureau;

* Valider l’admission des personnes qui ont souhaité adhérer à l’association;

* Fixer le prix des cotisations et droits d’entrée;

* _\(Ajouter un libellé selon les besoins\)_

Le Président rappelle que les membres de l’assemblée générale peuvent au
moins avant la fin de la séance, proposer un nouvel élément ordre du
jour. Le Président invite les membres qui souhaiteraient ajouter un
nouvel élément à l’ordre du jour.

\(“_Personne ne se manifeste_”/ _Dans le cas contraire, indiquer le nom,
prénom et poste de la personne ainsi que le libellé proposé puis,
insérer “les membres se prononcent sur l’admission du nouvel élément”,
il est alors procédé à un vote à la majorité absolue. Si la majorité est
en défaveur de la proposition, mentionner “la proposition est rejetté à”
puis indiquer le nombre de voix pour le rejet. Si la majorité est en
faveur du nouvel élément indiquer “la proposition \(rappeler l’intitulé\)
est ajouté à l’ordre du jour, les membres non présent se verront
notifier ce changement par la secrétaire”\)_

Après d’âpres débats, les arguments étant épuisés, l’assemblée générale
a voté. Lors de ses délibérations elle décidée que:

_\(Les délibérations proposées dans le présent modèle partent du principe
que tous sont parvenu à un accord. Si l’unanimité n’est pas obtenu, il
faut indiquer la majorité obtenue, la décision rendue et préciser les
motifs de la mésentente.\)_

_**1-Les comptes écoulés depuis la dernière réunion de l’assemblée
générale sont approuvés**_

Après avoir notifié aux membres de l’assemblée générale l’état comptable
de l’association depuis la dernière réunion.

Après débat et en l’absence d’opposition, il est procédé au vote.

**L’état comptes sont validés à l’unanimitée.**

_**2- La gestion de l’association par les membres du bureau est validée,
il leur est donné quitus de la gestion;**_

Après avoir rappelé la gestion opérée par le bureau depuis la dernière
réunion de l’assemblée générale, il est procédé au débat.

Après débat et en l’absence d’opposition, il est procédé au vote.

**L’assemblée générale donne quitus aux membres du bureau pour la
période écoulée depuis la dernière assemblée générale.**

_**3- Les personnes ayant proposées leurs candidature à l’association
sont rétroactivement réputés avoir adhérés à l’association.**_

Le secrétaire _\(ou le Président de séance\)_ donne la liste des personnes
ayant souhaité adhérer à l’association. Il vérifie que le bulletin
d’adhésion a été correctement remplie et la cotisation valablement

L’assemblée regarde le caractère réel et sérieux de la demande.

Après débat et en l’absence d’opposition, il est procédé au vote.

**L’assemblée général vote à l’unanimité l’adhésion des nouveaux membres
à l’unanimité.**

**Les personnes ayant souhaité adhérer à l’association sont à présent
membres à compté du jour où ils ont souhaité adhérer.**

_**4- L’assemblée générale reprend le prix des cotisations est droits
d’entrée établits lors de la précédente assemblée générale.**_

Le Président de séance rappelle le prix actuel des cotisations et droits
d’entrée qui s’élève à _\(indiquer la somme\)_ inviter les membres à

Après débat et en l’absence d’opposition, il est procédé au vote.

**L’assemblée générale vote à l’unanimité la fixation du prix des
cotisations et droits d’entrées, elle est à présent de _\(indiquer la
somme, donner le même quantum si le prix est reporté\)_.**

L’ordre du jour étant épuisé, le Président de séance invite une nouvelle
fois ceux qui souhaiteraient proposer un nouvel élément à se manifester.

Personne ne se manifestant, le Président valide les présentes
délibérations, affirmant qu’elles ont été rendues conformément aux
statuts puis, il lève la séance.

Le présent procès verbal est alors dressé.

Tous les membres présents lors de la séance signent le procès verbal.

Le Président de séance: _\(nom, prénom, suivi de la signature\)_

Le Secrétaire: _\(nom, prénom, suivi de la signature\)_

_\(nom, prénom, poste dans l’association suivi de la signature\)_

+ 182
- 0 View File

@@ -0,0 +1,182 @@
layout: default
permalink: /

# new<b id="S"><u>t</u></b><b id="C"><u>y</u></b><b id="O"><u>p</u></b><b id="P"><u>e</u></b><b id="_"><u>&nbsp;</u></b>

[Manifeste](/manifeste.html) / [Statuts](/statuts.html) / [GitHub]( / [GitBook]( / [](


## Qu'est-ce que c'est ?

Nous sommes une coopérative de travail en devenir.

Nous accompagnons les structures en les formant à l’amélioration continue de leurs pratiques et savoirs numériques.

Nous sommes aussi un espace d’expérimentation du logiciel libre.


## Qui sommes-nous ?

[Yvan SRAKA]( a travaillé chez Sculpteo comme développeur 3D, chez Magic Makers comme animateur d'atelier d'apprentissage de la programmation pour enfants et adolescents, et enfin chez Simplon comme formateur au développement web et concepteur pédagogique. Par ailleurs, il a écrit en tant qu’indépendant les sujets du concours le « Meilleur Développeur de France ». Passionné d'art numérique et de jeux vidéo, il a participé a l'A-MAZE et contribué a l’écriture de <>.

[Axel VIALA]( a travaillé à l'organisation d’événements autour du logiciel libre chez Mozilla, et a participé à l'ex-Hakerspace Le Loop. Il a également déjà animé de la formation en milieu universitaire ainsi que dans des tiers-lieux et contribue occasionnellement à des logiciels libres depuis plusieurs années.


## Liste thématique de formations

### Accompagnement

- Ouverture de Projet (accompagnement vers une première pile technique)
- Écosystème du Libre (comprendre ses enjeux et s'intégrer au cercle vertueux)

### Aka computer 101 - How to speak to dev

- Formation d'une équipe de direction : accompagnement dans l'univers du numérique
- Une culture générale minimale pour échanger avec vos équipes informatiques

### Bonnes pratiques de développement

- Mise en place de bonnes pratiques de devellopement au sein d'une équipe
- Fiabilisation de code source (analyse statique, analyse mémoire, messages d'avertissements etc.)
- Intégration continue
- Test Driven Development
- Semantic Versionning

### Méthodologies agiles

### Expérience utilisateur : Recherche & Conception

### Introduction à d'autres Paradigmes de Programmation

### Acculturation au numérique

- Lutte contre illectronisme (illettrisme numérique) des "décrocheurs numériques"
- Apprendre à se servir d'un ordinateur pour un public habitué à l'usage de smartphones
- Aide au choix d'une pile technologique et du (des) langages de programmations associées
- Enjeux de la vie privée et sécurité des communications, Hygiène informatique

### Conseil scientifique

- Intelligence Artificielle
- Modèle de calcul alternatif / HPC
- Langages de programmation
- Compilation
- Sérialisation
- Architecture des ordinateurs (vue logicielle)
- Système d'exploitation / POSIX


## Bibliographies et références

- <>

### Modern ECMA/JavaScript

- <>

### Modern C/C++

- <>
- Analyse statique de codes C ou C++ <>
- <>
- <> / <> / <>
- <>
- <>

### Rust

- <>
- <>
- <>
- Ashley Williams - How I Convinced the World's Largest Package Manager to Use Rust, and So Can You! <>
- RustFest Paris 2018 - Vector graphics rendering on the GPU in Rust with Lyon by Nicolas Silva <>

### Ocaml

- Real World Ocaml <>
- Apprendre à programmer avec Ocaml <>


Runtime Memoire multi-core Ocaml :
- <>
- <>

### Haskell

- Learn You a Haskell for Great Good <>

### Typage

Haskell Servant: Type-Level DSLs for Web APIs <>

- Notes on Type Theory for absolute beginners by Hanneli Tavante <>

Vue d'ensemble :
- Types and Programming Languages by Benjamin C. Pierce <>

Avancé :
- Advanced Topics in Types and Programming Languages by Benjamin C. Pierce <>


### Architectures des ordinateurs

- Computer Organization and Design: Quantitative approach by John L. Hennessy, David A. Patterson
- Computer Organization and Design: the Hardware/Software Interface by John L. Hennessy, David A. Patterson

### Automates, langages, calculabilité

- Introduction to Automata Theory, Languages, and Computation by Hopcraft, Motwani, Ullman <>
- Mathieu Jaume, Eléments de mathématiques discrètes <>

### Conception d'algorithmes - Analyse de bogues de performance

Calculs de complexité :

- Algorithms, Etc by Jeff Erickson <>
- Introduction to Algorithms by Thomas H. By Cormen, Charles E. Leiserson and Ronald L. Rivest <>


### Introduction to computer graphics with shaders

- The Book of Shaders by Patricio Gonzalez Vivo and Jen Lowe <>

### Video games for kids and teens with Scratch and Racket

- Scratch <>
- Realm of Racket - Learn to Program, One Game at a Time! by Matthias Felleisen, David Van Horn, Conrad Barski, M.D., and Eight Students of Northeastern University <>

### Développement Mobile

- App Inventor <>

### Dive into VR with A-Frame and WebGL

- Mozilla A-Frame <>
- MDN WebGL <>

### Systèmes d'exploitations

- Operating Systems: Principles and Practice Thomas Anderson, Michael Dahlin <>
- Windows Internals Book <>

### Démystification et tour d'horizon de l'Intelligence Artificielle

- <>
- <>

### Compilation

- <>

+ 5
- 0
script/cibuild View File

@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
#!/usr/bin/env bash
set -e # halt script on error

bundle exec jekyll build
bundle exec htmlproofer ./_site --disable-external

+ 97
- 0 View File

@@ -0,0 +1,97 @@
layout: default
permalink: /statuts

# Statuts de newtype, association régie par la loi du 1er Juillet 1901

## Article 1. Constitution

Entre les comparants et les personnes qui adhéreront aux présents statuts, il existera une association régie par la loi du 1er juillet 1901 , le décret d'application du 16 août 1901 et les textes en vigueur actuellement l'ayant modifiée ou complétée, ainsi que par lesdits statuts.

## Article 2. Objet

Cette association a pour objet la promotion d’œuvres libres de droits, le partage des savoirs et connaissances, ainsi que toute action nécessaire à la promotion d’œuvres libres ou de partage de savoirs et de connaissances.

## Article 3. Dénomination

L'association prendra la dénomination de "newtype".

## Article 4. Siège

Le siège de cette association sera fixée à :

14 Boulevard Morland

75004 PARIS

Le siège social pourra être transféré par délibération du conseil d’administration.

## Article 5. La durée de l’association

La durée de l’association est illimitée.

## Article 6. L’acquisition de la qualité de membre

L’association est ouverte à tous sans condition ni distinction d’âge ou d’expérience.

Pour être admis comme membre de l'association, il faudra être présenté par au moins deux membres et être agréé par le conseil d'administration. L'adhésion impliquera l'engagement de payer la cotisation.

## Article 7. Les cotisations

Toute personne voulant bénéficier de la qualité de membre doit payer une cotisation annuelle.

Les cotisations seront fixées par délibération de l’assemblée générale, à défaut la cotisation minimale sera de 6 € par membre.

Le montant de la cotisation pourra être modifié en cours d’année par une délibération de l'assemblée générale.

## Article 8. La perte de la qualité de membre

Cesseront de faire partie de l'association, les membres démissionnaires et ceux contre qui aura été prononcée une radiation.

La radiation intervient en cas de motifs graves, tels que décrits dans le règlement intérieur ; la radiation d’office est prononcée par le conseil d'administration.

Cesseront également de faire partie de l'association, les membres dont l'engagement arrivera à expiration.

## Article 9. Responsabilité des membres

L'actif de l'association répondra seul des engagements contractés en son nom.

## Article 10. Le conseil d’administration

L'association sera administrée par un conseil d’administration comprenant les membres élus par l'assemblée générale pour une durée de trois années.

Les décisions du conseil d’administration se feront à la majorité simple.

Le conseil d’administration choisit parmi ses membres un bureau.

## Article 11. Le bureau

Le bureau a pour fonction de gérer l’association, il est composé d’un :

- président ;
- vice-président ;
- secrétaire ;
- trésorier.

Ils sont nommés pour un an et rééligibles.

Le président est habilité à représenter l'association en toutes circonstances et notamment dans le cadre d'une procédure tant en demande qu'en défense.

## Article 12. La tenue des assemblée générales

L'assemblée générale des membres de l'association se réunit une fois par an au mois de février. Les membres empêchés peuvent se faire représenter.

Les membres de l’association sont convoqués par le secrétaire qui peut déléguer sa tâche. L’ordre du jour figure sur les convocations.

Les décisions de l’assemblée générale se font à la majorité simple à l’exception de la décision de dissolution de l’association.

## Article 13. Les ressources de l’association

Les ressources de l’association comprennent outre les cotisations et donations, toutes ressources autorisées par les lois et règlements en vigueur.

## Article 14. La dissolution de l’association

La dissolution pourra être décidée par une délibération de l’assemblée générale à une majorité absolue des membres de l’association.

La décision prononçant la dissolution décidera du sort de l’actif de l’association, s’il y a lieu.